“O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.” (Romans 11:33-36)
Paul ends his discussion on the doctrines and the dispensations of the gospel with a majestic doxology that truly reflects the splendid recognition of God. No other response would be appropriate after such a glorious discourse on the subject of salvation. Isaiah 40:13 is first quoted, then Job 35:7 closely follows. Paul certainly knew his Bible, and the Holy Spirit used this in his life as he moved him to pen these inspired words. This passage should remind every man of his frailty and finite nature. Too many “intellectuals” wrest the Scriptures and attempt to bring God down to man's level. Such cannot be done with God. His wisdom is truly unfathomable. Man can know only as much as the Holy Spirit allows. The Bible is not simply another book. Its texts are divinely inspired; therefore, it must be viewed through the eyes of faith. Portions of it will be difficult to understand. Other portions will be very clear, but none of it will ever contradict itself or prove to be untrustworthy; and if such should appear to be the case, prayer, time, and study will inevitably reveal that the fault lies not in God's wisdom of explanation, but in man's inability to fully comprehend.
The last verse represents the past, present, and future dealings of the Almighty. Concerning the past- “In the beginning God created...(Genesis 1:1).” Of Him are all things. Without Him, nothing would be in existence. Concerning the present- “The LORD hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil (Proverbs 16:4).” Through, or by means of, Him are all things. He is currently working in the affairs of men. He sets up kings, and He puts down kings. Even the wicked are not free from His guiding hand. He uses their rejection and oppression to work out His perfect will. Concerning the future- “And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all (I Corinthians 15:28).” To Him are all things. Slowly, but surely, the events of history press on toward the time when God will receive all the glory, when sin and wickedness shall be no more, and when all the redeemed may worship at the feet of Him “...which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty (Revelation 1:8).”